If you are a small-business owner, you can make additional deductions on your tax return. These deductions are subtracted from your income, which can reduce your tax owed.
When you own a small business, you can deduct your operating expenses on your return. This includes advertising, startup costs, delivery expenses, maintenance and repairs, business insurance, employee salaries and utilities.
If you rent an office or other facility, you can deduct rental costs and utility costs as business expenses. However, if you use a home office, these expenses must be calculated differently.
Home Office Deductions
In order for your home office to qualify for business-related deductions, it must be your principal place of business or must be used exclusively for business. If your home office meets at least one of these criteria, you can deduct a portion of your expenses. These include utility bills, home insurance and mortgage interest or rent.
To determine the amount that you can deduct as a business expense, calculate the size of your home office as a percentage of the area of your entire home. Then, multiply that figure by the relevant expenses.
If your home office is not used exclusively for business purposes, you need to determine what percentage of time that your space is used for work. For example, imagine that you work 45 hours per week and use your space as an office 27 percent of the time. Multiply this percentage by the percentage of space your office takes up in your home and apply that figure to your expenses.
Travel and Entertainment Expenses
You can also deduct business-related travel expenses such as plane or bus tickets, hotel rooms and conference fees. However, you can only deduct 50 percent of your meal and entertainment expenses. Examples of these expenses include sporting event tickets and dinners with clients.
If you use a vehicle for your business, you can deduct costs related to that vehicle including maintenance, insurance, repairs, parking and fuel. However, if you also use your vehicle for personal use, you can only deduct a percentage of those expenses.
To determine what portion of your vehicle expenses you can deduct, divide the number of miles you drove your vehicle for work by the total numbers of kilometres you drove for the entire year. Multiply that result by your expenses.
For example, if you drove your vehicle 1,000 kilometres for business with a total of 10,000 kilometres for the year, you can subtract 10 percent of your vehicle expenses as business expenses.
Employee Salaries and Benefits
As a small-business owner, gross salaries that you pay to employees and subcontractors can be deducted. Employee benefits such as Canada Pension Plan contributions, Employment Insurance premiums and Workers Compensation amounts also qualify as deductions.
Preparing your small business tax return properly can be a difficult task especially if it’s your first time. Online software such as the Home and Business version of TurboTax can be an effective tool. To make sure you’ve claimed your business income correctly and haven’t overlooked any potential deductions, the software features easy to follow instructions and in-product guidance.