The reality is that we are not completely certain at this time what all the tax implications will be for all of the various benefits individuals or businesses are receiving during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic.
What we do know is if the benefit says it is taxable for your business or is a taxable benefit to you as an individual, you will need to be prepared that you might need to pay tax on that income in 2021 when filing your 2020 income tax returns. For the tax filings of 2019 that we are all working on right now, none of these measure apply; the returns you will be submitting by June 1, 2020 as individuals relate only to 2019 income, benefits, etc. Payments however of any taxes that become payable due to this filing, are not due until September 1, 2020. For more details on deadlines and C19 updates, check out our article HERE.
For next year, here is what the CRA website, and legislation, is telling us right now, as of April 15, 2020
For Individuals and your personal taxes:
“These benefits are taxable. You will need to report any payments received on next year’s tax filing. An information slip will be made available for the 2020 tax year in My Account under Tax Information Slips (T4 and more).”
What does this mean? It is likely you will be issued a T form of some type that records the amount paid to you so that you will know what boxes to report it in on your tax return as income.
For more information on this program, read our blog HERE
One-Time Additional Payments for CCB or GST/HST tax credit
“It is a tax-free monthly payment made to eligible families to help with the cost of raising children under 18 years of age.” There is no indication that this tax status for the CCB will change for the one-time supplementary payment that some families will be receiving in May 2020.
“The goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) credit is a tax-free quarterly payment that helps individuals and families with low and modest incomes offset all or part of the GST or HST that they pay”. Like CCB above, there is no indication that this tax status will change for the one-time supplementary payment that some individuals/families will receive in May 2020.
For more information on these payments, read our blog HERE.
Student Loan Moratorium
If your student loan interest payments have been suspended, then you will likely not have as much allowable student loan interest to claim on your next income tax return, provided it is a qualifying student loan as per the CRA guidelines.
“Deferred payments are added to the outstanding principal balance and subsequently repaid throughout the life of the mortgage.” The mortgage support or assistance that Canadian banks have agreed to are managed specifically by your lender. Any deferral of payments that you receive is between you and your lender. The only impact on your income taxes might be experienced by self-employed individuals who are able to claim business use of home expenses on their T2125 form.
RRIF Withdrawal Reduction
Since the minimum withdrawal from the RRIF has been reduced by 25% for 2020, this means if you take less money from your RRIF you will pay less tax, simply because money in your RRIF is only taxable when the money is paid out of the fund. The rate of the taxes doesn’t change, it is only because you take less, do you pay less.
For more information on this reduction, read our blog HERE.
For Individuals with Employees:
CEWS and TWS
“The usual treatment of tax credits and other benefits provided by the government applies. As a consequence, the wage subsidy received by an employer is considered government assistance and is included in the employer’s taxable income.”
Though we are not yet able to apply for the CEWS benefit, it is important that you understand the tax implications of being successful in receiving this subsidy. What does this mean? The subsidy money you are given will need to be noted in your bookkeeping records for your business as income, usually as an “other income” account. When you go to prepare your T2125 (Statement of Business Activities), this income will be a part of your business income and reflected on this report.
For the TWS, the original Temporary Wage Subsidy, it will be reflected in the same way, on your T2125. This wage subsidy is a reduction in what you send to the government for the income taxes your business withheld from your employees. Though nothing changes for your employees in terms of their deductions, the amount you didn’t send to the CRA for your source remittance becomes income for your business.
For benefits like these, this is where your business accounting records are going to be incredibly important, and will need to be maintained throughout the year accurately.
For more information on CEWS, read our blog HERE.
For more information on TWS, read our blog HERE.
As with any income tax year the amount of income tax we pay as, individuals, is dependent upon a few things:
- Our taxable income (employment, investment, business, etc…) that determines what tax bracket we fall into
- The amount of deductions that can reduce that income, or the amount of non-refundable tax credits we can use to reduce the taxes we pay on that income. Given that the taxable income is what determines our tax rate, it is best to reduce this as much as possible through allowable deductions, such as RRSPs, Childcare, etc.
- Individual income tax rates dictate how much we will be taxed on our taxable income. Tax rates for 2020 are:
- 15% on the first $48,535 of taxable income, plus
- 20.5% on the next $48,534 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $48,535 up to $97,069), plus
- 26% on the next $53,404 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $97,069 up to $150,473), plus
- 29% on the next $63,895 of taxable income (on the portion of taxable income over $150,473 up to $214,368), plus
- 33% of taxable income over $214,368
- When we can’t reduce the taxable income, then we focus on reducing the tax we pay on that income. When you know what you can maximize to bring this amount down, the better off you’ll be to deal with a possible increase in taxable income due to the financial relief measures. This is where all of our non-refundable tax credits come into play, and we get to claim 15% of these NRTCs federally, such as:
- Basic Personal Amount
- Age Amount
- Disability Tax Credit
- Medical Expenses
Are you a Self-Employed Individual and have your own business? Click HERE to read our similar article focused just for you.
We’re Here to Support You
If the thought of trying to figure out all of your deductions or tax credits makes you a little unsure…we’re here to help. To make tax season as simple as possible, TurboTax has created solutions that work for all situations and preferences, including:
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No matter your income or complexity of your return, you have an expert in your corner with TurboTax.
Accounting educator, business strategist, and advisor.
Turbo Tax Canada blog editor and writer.
Susan has been an accounting professional for over 20 years, and has been working with businesses and individuals and their taxes for the past 12. Education is a passion for Susan, and when not writing or talking about tax for TurboTax Canada, she can be found speaking at events, teaching at Mohawk College, and working with many businesses and entrepreneurs through her own accounting advisory practice. Susan is known to be approachable but pulls no punches when it comes to the reality of business finance and taxes.